Co-occurrence of transcription and translation gene regulatory features underlies coordinated mRNA and protein synthesis

Ana Tamarkin-Ben-Harush, Edna Schechtman, Rivka Dikstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Variability in protein levels is generated through intricate control of the different gene decoding phases. Presently little is known about the links between the various gene expression stages. Here we investigated the relationship between transcription and translation regulatory properties encoded in mammalian genes.Results: We found that the TATA-box, a core promoter element known to enhance transcriptional output, is associated not only with higher mRNA levels but also with positive translation regulatory features and elevated translation efficiency. Further investigation revealed general association between transcription and translation regulatory trends. Specifically, translation inhibitory features such as the presence of upstream AUG (uAUG) and increased lengths of the 5′UTR, the coding sequence and the 3′UTR, are strongly associated with lower translation as well as lower transcriptional rate.Conclusions: Our findings reveal that co-occurrence of several gene-encoded transcription and translation regulatory features with the same trend substantially contributes to the final mRNA and protein expression levels and enables their coordination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number688
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • 3′UTR
  • 5′UTR
  • TATA-box
  • TATA-less
  • Transcription
  • Translation
  • uAUG
  • uORF

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