Cocontribution of Rotavirus and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines to the Reduction of Pediatric Hospital Visits in Young Children

Shalom Ben-Shimol, Noga Givon-Lavi, David Greenberg, Ron Dagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To assess rotavirus vaccine and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) cumulative impact on the pediatric emergency department visits and hospitalization rates in children <2 years of age in southern Israel between April 2006 and March 2014. Study design This prospective, population-based observational study calculated the rates of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), non-RVGE, community-acquired alveolar pneumonia (CAAP), nonalveolar lower respiratory tract infection, and all-cause hospital visits. PCV7, PCV13, and rotavirus vaccination programs were implemented in Israel in July 2009, November 2010, and January 2011, respectively. Results From 2006-2009 to 2013-2014, the rates of hospitilizations for RVGE, non-RVGE, CAAP, and nonalveolar lower respiratory tract infection decreased by 78%, 21%, 46%, and 7%, respectively. In outpatients, the respective decreases were 80%, 16%, 67%, and 14%. All-cause outpatient pediatric emergency department visits and hospitalization rates were reduced by 12% and 11%, respectively. During the peak season (October through March), RVGE, non-RVGE, CAAP, and nonalveolar lower respiratory tract infection hospitalization rates decreased significantly by 86%, 44.6%, 23.3%, and 10.5%, respectively. In outpatients, the respective decreases were 81.7%, 73.5%, 13.8%, and 10.7%. The proportion of RVGE and CAAP (grouped) of all-cause hospitalizations and outpatient pediatric ED visits decreased from 19.9% to 12.3% and from 6.9% to 1.8%, respectively. Conclusions Rotavirus vaccine and PCV introduction cocontributed to a rapid, considerable reduction in hospital burden in children <2 years of age. Because seasonalities of both diseases overlap, this reduction is particularly helpful in relieving burdens of disease and care during the most cumbersome morbidity season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-259.e2
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • health care service utilization
  • immunization
  • infectious disease burden

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