Cognitive status and the psychological well-being of long-term care residents over time

Norm O'Rourke, Sienna Caspar, Gloria M. Gutman, Kristine Theurer, Michele Cook, Pat Kasprow, Yaacov G. Bachner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The majority of research within long-term care (LTC) has emphasized the physical health of residents, has been cross-sectional in design and has focused almost exclusively on residents with dementia. Few longitudinal studies have followed participants over intervals longer than 1 year. In contrast, the current study set out to examine the experience of LTC residents with and without significant cognitive loss over a 2-year period comparing the psychological well-being of groups over time. Significant Group Time interaction effects were observed between residents with and without significant cognitive loss in life satisfaction and depressive symptomatology. Results of this study underscore the need for longitudinal measurement in LTC research, the use of multivariate statistical procedures and the need to identify and meet the distinct needs of residents with and without significant cognitive loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-287
Number of pages8
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Cognitive status
  • Depression
  • Life satisfaction
  • Long-term care
  • Longitudinal measurement

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