Comb-like Turing patterns embedded in Hopf oscillations: Spatially localized states outside the 2:1 frequency locked region

Paulino Monroy Castillero, Arik Yochelis

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A generic mechanism for the emergence of spatially localized states embedded in an oscillatory background is demonstrated by using a 2:1 frequency locking oscillatory system. The localization is of Turing type and appears in two space dimensions as a comb-like state in either p phase shifted Hopf oscillations or inside a spiral core. Specifically, the localized states appear in absence of the well known flip-flop dynamics (associated with collapsed homoclinic snaking) that is known to arise in the vicinity of Hopf-Turing bifurcation in one space dimension. Derivation and analysis of three Hopf-Turing amplitude equations in two space dimensions reveal a local dynamics pinning mechanism for Hopf fronts, which in turn allows the emergence of perpendicular (to the Hopf front) Turing states. The results are shown to agree well with the comb-like core size that forms inside spiral waves. In the context of 2:1 resonance, these localized states form outside the 2:1 resonance region and thus extend the frequency locking domain for spatially extended media, such as periodically driven Belousov-Zhabotinsky chemical reactions. Implications to chlorite-iodidemalonic- acid and shaken granular media are also addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043110
JournalChaos
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017

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