Combined feedback-feedforward active control of sound in a room

Wen Kung Tseng, B. Rafaely, S. J. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


This paper presents an active noise control system with a combined feedback-feedforward configuration, which may be useful when the location and directivity of the primary source in a room are not known. Using the combined system, the need to choose between a feedforward or a feedback system configuration beforehand is avoided. The optimum performance of feedforward, feedback, and the combined active control systems have been calculated from measurements taken in a 7x6x3 m3 room with various primary source positions. Internal model control (IMC) together with optimal Wiener filtering are used in the design of the optimum controllers, which was performed for each primary source position and also included robust stability to guarantee the stability of the controllers in face of plant uncertainty. The performance of the feedforward controller alone was much more dependent on the position of the primary source than that of the feedback controller alone, but the combined system always performed better than either of those systems. The results also suggested that the combined system could obtain good performance even if the response of its feedback controller was fixed, independently of the primary source location, but the response of its feedforward controller was adapted for different primary source positions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3417-3425
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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