A 6-year-old girl developed generalized seizures followed by coma, five days after surgical removal of a craniopharyngioma. Low serum sodium levels and low serum osmolality with inappropriately high urinary sodium output confirmed the diagnosis of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secretion. Treatment with 3% hypertonic saline solution and repeated doses of furosemide (1 mg/kg) improved her clinical condition; serum sodium levels, however, rose slowly and urinary excretion remained high. Deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA), 4 mg/sq m/day, was added to the above regimen. A striking clinical improvement was noted. Serum sodium levels returned to normal with a concomitant sharp decline in urinary sodium output. The clinical course of this patient demonstrates the efficacy of the addition of deoxycorticosterone acetate to hypertonic saline and furosemide in the treatment of severe, life-threatening hyponatremia due to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2 Jul 1982
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health