Combustion of chlorinated VOC on nanostructured chromia aerogel as catalyst and catalyst support

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The chromia-based catalysts have been reported to combine the high activity and resistance to deactivation in oxidative removal of chlorinated VOC. However, their activity is limited by the low amount of chromia that can be deposited on supports maintaining the optimal state of surface species and high surface area. The pure nanostructured chromia was used as a catalytically active support for noble metals and transition-metal oxide oxidation catalysts. High efficiency of Pt-promoted CrOOH aerogel with surface area of 500 m 2*g-1 was demonstrated in full combustion of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) and chlorobenzene (CB). At gas hour space velocity (GHSV) of 46 000 h-1, the total conversion to CO2/H 2O/HCl was achieved at 330 °C (DCE) and 380 °C (CB). The combustion rate constants measured at standard conditions with 0.5% Pt/CrOOH catalyst were 1 or 2 orders of magnitude higher than measured with 15%Cr 2O3/Al2O3 or 0.5%Pt/Al 2O3, respectively. The effects of Pt, Au, Mn, and Ce additives on the performance of CrOOH aerogel in combustion of chlorinated VOC were analyzed related to the materials structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6845-6850
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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