Communication Systems Performance at mm and THz as a Function of a Rain Rate Probability Density Function Model

Judy Kupferman, Shlomi Arnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


6G is already being planned and will employ much higher frequencies, leading to a revolutionary era in communication between people as well as things. It is well known that weather, especially rain, can cause increased attenuation of signal transmission for higher frequencies. The standard methods for evaluating the effect of rain on symbol error rate are based on long-term averaging. These methods are inaccurate, which results in an inefficient system design. This is critical regarding bandwidth scarcity and energy consumption and requires a more significant margin of effort to cope with the imprecision. Recently, we have developed a new and more precise method for calculating communication system performance in case of rain, using the probability density function of rain rate. For high rain rate (above 10 mm/h), for a typical set of parameters, our method shows the symbol error rate in this range to be higher by orders of magnitude than that found by ITU standard methods. Our model also indicates that sensing and measuring the rain rate probability is important in order to provide the required bit error rate to the users. This will enable the design of more efficient systems, enabling design of an adaptive system that will adjust itself to rain conditions in such a way that performance will be improved. To the best knowledge of the authors, this novel analysis is unique. It can constitute a more efficient performance metric for the new era of 6G communication and prevent disruption due to incorrect system design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6269
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2022


  • atmospheric propagation
  • attenuation
  • communication
  • communication system performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


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