Comparison of Factors Associated with Inflammation, Thrombosis, and Platelet Reactivity as well as Turnovei between Patients with High versus Low CHA2DS2-VASc without Atrial Fibrillation

Lior Fortis, Ella Yahud, Ziv Sevilya, Roman Nevzorov, Olga Perelshtein Brezinov, Michael Rahkovich, Eli I. Lev, Avishag Laish-Farkash

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: The CHA2DS2-VASc score has been shown to predict systemic thromboembolism and mortality in certain groups in sinus rhythm (SR), similar to its predictive value with atrial fibrillation (AF). Objectives: To compare factors of inflammation, thrombosis, platelet reactivity, and turnover in patients with high versus low CHA2DS2-VASc score in SR. Methods: We enrolled consecutive patients in SR and no history of AF. Blood samples were collected for neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), immature platelet fraction (IPF%) and count (IPC), CD40 ligand, soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) and E-selectin. IPF was measured by autoanalyzer and the other factors by ELISA. Results: The study comprised 108 patients (age 58 ± 18 years, 63 women (58%), 28 (26%) with diabetes), In addition, 52 had high CHA2DS2-VASc score (> 2 for male and i 3 for female) and 56 had low score. Patients with low scores were younger, with fewer co-morbidities, and smaller left atrial size. sP-selectin was higher in the high CHA2DS2-VASc group (45, interquartile ratio [IQR] 36-49) vs. 37 (IQR 28-46) ng/ml, P = 0.041]. Inflammatory markers were also elevated, CRP 3.1 mg/L(IQR 1.7-9.3) vs. 1.6 (IQR 0.78-5.4), P< 0.001; NLR 2.7 (IQR 2.1-3.8) vs. 2.1 (IQR 1.6-2.5), P= 0.001, respectively. There was no difference in E-selectin, CD40 ligand, IPC, or IPF% between the groups. Conclusions: Patients in SR with high CHA2DS2-VASc score have higher inflammatory markers and sP-selectin. These findings may explain the higher rate of adverse cardiovascular events associated with elevated CHA2DS2-VASc score.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)151-155
    Number of pages5
    JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
    Volume24
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

    Keywords

    • CHA2DS2-VAScscore
    • E-selectin
    • P-selectin
    • neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR)
    • platelet activation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (all)

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