Complex networks reveal teleconnections between the global SST and rainfall in southwest China

Panjie Qiao, Wenqi Liu, Yongwen Zhang, Zhiqiang Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Droughts and floods have frequently occurred in Southwest China (SWC) during the past several decades. Yet, the understanding of the mechanism of precipitation in SWC is still a challenge, since the East Asian monsoon and Indian monsoon potentially influence the rainfall in this region. Thus, the prediction of precipitation in SWC has become a difficult and critical topic in climatology. We develop a novel multi-variable network-based method to delineate the relations between the global sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) and the precipitation anomalies (PA) in SWC. Our results show that the out-degree patterns in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Ocean significantly influence the PA in SWC. In particular, we find that such patterns dominated by extreme precipitation change with the seasons. Furthermore, we uncover that the teleconnections between the global SSTA and rainfall can be described by the in-degree patterns, which dominated by several vital nodes within SWC. Based on the characteristics of these nodes, we find that the key SSTA areas affect the pattern of the nodes in SWC with some specific time delays that could be helpful to improve the long-term prediction of precipitation in SWC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Complex network
  • Rainfall
  • SSTA
  • SWC
  • Teleconnection
  • Time delays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)


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