Objectives: Composite arterial grafting is a surgical technique for arterial myocardial revascularization, in which free arterial conduits are proximally anastomosed end-to-side to an intact internal thoracic artery (ITA). This report describes technical aspects and results of composite grafting using bilateral skeletonized ITAs. Methods: From April 1996 to February 1999, 1057 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using bilateral skeletonized internal thoracic arteries. In 600 of them (57%), composite arterial grafting was performed. There were 452 men and 148 women. The mean age was 69 ± 7 years. Two-hundred and six patients (34%) were diabetics, 84 (14%) had severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction of <35%), and 26 (4.3%) underwent emergency operations. In 574 patients, the right ITA was used as a free graft connected to the in-situ left ITA. In 26, the free left ITA was attached to the in-situ right ITA, and in 38, mini-composite grafts (free distal left ITA on the left ITA, or free distal right ITA on the right ITA) were constructed. The average number of grafts was 3.0/patient (range, 2-6). Results: The operative mortality was 2.8% (n = 17), and there were ten (1.7%), deep sternal wound infections. The mean follow-up was 25 months (range, 14-36 months). The 3-year survival was 92.5%. Ninety-seven percent of the surviving patients were angina-free. Conclusions: We currently perform this surgery routinely in most patients referred for CABG, and regard bilateral skeletonized internal thoracic arteries as the most appropriate arterial conduits for the composite technique.
- Composite graft
- Internal thoracic artery
- Technical aspects
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine