A comprehensive programme of nonpharmacological control of hypertension (balanced nutrition, satisfactory weight, enhanced physical activity, relaxation technique, smoking cessation) by primary care physician-nurse (PN) teams who were instructed and routinely advised by a paramedical professional (PP) team (psychologist) nutritionist and physical activity instructor) was developed with the aim of increasing long-term compliance. To evaluate effectiveness, 52 mild and moderate hypertensives without target organ damage were randomly allocated to six weekly meetings of individual intensive instruction by PN teams alone, or direct group instructions by PP teams (24 and 28 patients, respectively). The respective results at 11 months and 24 months follow-up compared with baseline were: (1) 56.9% and 58.8% showed minimal satisfactory reduction of weight, (2) 49% and 58.8% showed minimal satisfactory increase in physical activity, (3) the reported increase in physical activity at 11 months follow-up was validated by significantly correlated improved performance in ergometry, (4) 75% and 40% of the patients performed relaxation vs. 2% at baseline and (5) 71% and 59% needed no medication or reduced dose to control BP, and these changes were significantly (P<0.02) correlated with weight reduction and increased physical activity. As no differences were found between the two modes of treatment, we conclude that our programme can be successfully applied by the PN primary care teams to increase adherence to nonpharmological measures in the control of hypertension.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Human Hypertension|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 1993|