Compressible Potential Flows Around Round Bodies: Janzen-Rayleigh Expansion Inferences

Idan S. Wallerstein, Uri Keshet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Downloads (Pure)


The subsonic, compressible, potential flow around a hypersphere can be derived using the Janzen-Rayleigh expansion (JRE) of the flow potential in even powers of the incident Mach number. JREs were carried out with terms polynomial in the inverse radius to high orders in two dimensions, but were limited to order in three dimensions. We derive general JRE formulae for arbitrary order, adiabatic index and dimension. We find that powers of can creep into the expansion, and are essential in the three-dimensional (3-D) sphere beyond order. Such terms are apparently absent in the 2-D disk, as we verify up to order, although they do appear in other dimensions (e.g. at order in four dimensions). An exploration of various 2-D and 3-D bodies suggests a topological connection, with logarithmic terms emerging when the flow is simply connected. Our results have additional physical implications. They are used to improve the hodograph-based approximation for the flow in front of a sphere. The symmetry-axis velocity profiles of axisymmetric flows around different prolate spheroids are approximately related to each other by a simple, Mach-independent scaling.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA6
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2022


  • general fluid mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Compressible Potential Flows Around Round Bodies: Janzen-Rayleigh Expansion Inferences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this