## Abstract

A graph G with n vertices is called an outerstring graph if it has an intersection representation with a set of n curves inside a disk such that one endpoint of every curve is attached to the boundary of the disk. Given an outerstring graph representation of G with s segments, a Maximum Independent Set (MIS) of G can be computed in O(s^{3}) time (Keil et al. (2017) [22]). We examine the fine-grained complexity of the MIS problem on some well-known outerstring representations (e.g., line segments, L-shapes, etc.), where the strings are of constant size. We show that computing MIS on grounded segment and grounded square-L representations is at least as hard as computing MIS on circle graph representations. Note that no O(n^{2−δ})-time algorithm, δ>0, is known for computing MIS on circle graphs. For the grounded string representations, where the strings are y-monotone simple polygonal paths of constant length with segments at integral coordinates, we solve MIS in O(n^{2}) time and show this to be the best possible under the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis. For the intersection graph of n L-shapes in the plane, we give a (4⋅logOPT)-approximation algorithm for MIS (where OPT denotes the size of an optimal solution), improving the previously best-known (4⋅logn)-approximation algorithm of Biedl and Derka (WADS 2017).

Original language | English |
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Article number | 101852 |

Journal | Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications |

Volume | 103 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Apr 2022 |

## Keywords

- Circle graphs
- Fine-grained complexity
- Maximum independent set problem
- Outerstring graphs

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science Applications
- Geometry and Topology
- Control and Optimization
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics