Condensation of random walks and the Wulff crystal

Nathanael Berestycki, Ariel Yadin

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

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We introduce a Gibbs measure on nearest-neighbour paths of length $t$ in the Euclidean $d$-dimensional lattice, where each path is penalised by a factor proportional to the size of its boundary and an inverse temperature $\beta$. We prove that, for all $\beta>0$, the random walk condensates to a set of diameter $(t/\beta)^{1/3}$ in dimension $d=2$, up to a multiplicative constant. In all dimensions $d\ge 3$, we also prove that the volume is bounded above by $(t/\beta)^{d/(d+1)}$ and the diameter is bounded below by $(t/\beta)^{1/(d+1)}$. Similar results hold for a random walk conditioned to have local time greater than $\beta$ everywhere in its range when $\beta$ is larger than some explicit constant, which in dimension two is the logarithm of the connective constant.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherarXiv:1305.0139 [math.PR]
StatePublished - 1 May 2013


  • Mathematics - Probability
  • Mathematical Physics


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