Condition-specific validation of the Arabic version of the Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire (PIKQ) among parturient

Neriya Zion Yohay, Rinat Cohen, Mahmod Hasan, Kochav Daya, Ari Weiss, Hanaa Abukaf, Zehava Yohay, Adi Y. Weintraub, Tamar Eshkoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction and hypothesis: Pregnancy and mode of delivery have a major effect on pelvic floor disorders (PFD). Assessing knowledge regarding PFD is essential not only for making more informed decisions regarding mode of delivery, but also for seeking help when PFD appear. The Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire (PIKQ) is a validated tool that assesses women's knowledge regarding urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Validation of the Arabic version of the PIKQ had never been carried out. The purpose of this study was to conduct a condition specific validation among parturients of the PIKQ in the Arabic language. Methods: Translation of the PIKQ to the Arabic language was carried out according to international recommended guidelines. A cross-sectional study of pregnant women was conducted from June to September 2020 at the Soroka University Medical Center, Israel. The recommended 10:1 ratio between the number of subjects and the number of items in the questionnaire (n=24) was maintained. A total of 244 third trimester pregnant women have completed the Arabic version of the PIKQ. In addition to the validation of the psychometric characteristics, construct validity, criterion validity, and reliability were tested as well. Results: Initially, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted, resulting in two 12-item scales representing UI and POP. Then, to validate the scale construct we conducted confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results of the CFA demonstrated that the PIKQ displayed construct validity, with standardized factor loadings ranging from 0.30 to 0.62. Finally, Cronbach's alpha indicated a good internal reliability for the two factors UI and POP. Criterion validity further supported the validity of the scale. Conclusions: The Arabic version of the PIKQ is a new, reliable, consistent, and valid instrument to examine the level of knowledge regarding UI and POP in Arabic speaking pregnant women. This instrument may be used to assess women's knowledge about PFD and to direct the need for educational interventions that may empower women to make informed decisions regarding perinatal care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1539
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Pelvic floor disorders
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Pregnancy
  • Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire (PIKQ)
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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