Conductive carbon-nanotube/polymer composites: Spectroscopic monitoring of the exfoliation process in water and the crucial role of wetting

N. Grossiord, J. Loos, J. Meuldijk, O. Regev, H. E. Miltner, B. Van Mele, C. E. Koning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

A versatile, latex-based concept for efficiently dispersing Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) in a highly viscous polystyrene matrix is described Crucial for the entire process is the ultrasound-driven exfoliation of the as produced SWNT bundles in water. The energy input must be sufficiently high to achieve the desired individualization, but at this stage sonication should be stopped to avoid damaging the SWNTs, which would reduce both electrical conductivity and strength. With UV/VIS spectroscopy the unraveling of the NT bundles can easily be monitored, a process which was simultaneously visualized with cryo-TEM and SEM images. These images were in agreement with the collected UV/VIS data. Depending on the molar mass distribution of the PS matrix, the well-dispersed SWNTs significantly raise the Tg of the PS. A low molar mass PS fraction, probably acting as a wetting agent for the SWNTs, seems to be required for an improved PS/SWNT interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings
Pages222-225
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2006
Event2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: 7 May 200611 May 2006

Publication series

Name2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings
Volume1

Conference

Conference2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show - NSTI Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period7/05/0611/05/06

Keywords

  • Latex
  • Polystyrene-swnt nanocomposites
  • Thermal analysis
  • Uv/vis spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Conductive carbon-nanotube/polymer composites: Spectroscopic monitoring of the exfoliation process in water and the crucial role of wetting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this