Constraining the physical properties of the first lensed z ∼ 9 − 16 galaxy candidates with JWST

Lukas J. Furtak, Marko Shuntov, Hakim Atek, Adi Zitrin, Johan Richard, Matthew D. Lehnert, Jacopo Chevallard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first deep-field observations of the JWST have immediately yielded a surprisingly large number of very high redshift candidates, pushing the frontier of observability well beyond z ≳ 10. We here present a detailed SED-fitting analysis of the 10 gravitationally lensed z ∼ 9–16 galaxy candidates detected behind the galaxy cluster SMACS J0723.3−7327 in a previous paper using the BEAGLE tool. Our analysis makes use of dynamical considerations to place limits on the ages of these galaxies and of all three published SL models of the cluster to account for lensing systematics. We find the majority of these galaxies to have relatively low stellar masses M ∼ 107 − 108 M and young ages tage ∼ 10–100 Myr but with a few higher mass exceptions (M ∼ 109–1010 M) due to Balmer-break detections at z ∼ 9–10. Because of their very blue UV-slopes, down to β ∼ −3, all of the galaxies in our sample have extremely low dust attenuations AV ≲ 0.02. Placing the measured parameters into relation, we find a very shallow M − MUV-slope and high sSFRs above the main sequence of star formation with no significant redshift-evolution in either relation. This is in agreement with the bright UV luminosities measured for these objects and indicates that we are naturally selecting UV-bright galaxies that are undergoing intense star formation at the time they are observed. Finally, we discuss the robustness of our high-redshift galaxy sample regarding low-redshift interlopers and conclude that low-redshift solutions can safely be ruled out for roughly half of the sample, including the highest redshift galaxies at z ∼ 12–16. These objects represent compelling targets for spectroscopic follow-up observations with JWST and ALMA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3064-3075
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume519
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • dark ages, reionization, first stars
  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • ultraviolet: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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