Contemporary treatment and adherence to guidelines in women and men with acute coronary syndromes

Mady Moriel, Dan Tzivoni, Solomon Behar, Doron Zahger, Hanoch Hod, David Hasdai, Amir Sandach, Shmuel Gottlieb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background: Historically gender differences existed in treatment and outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Aim: To assess gender aspects of contemporary treatment and adherence to ACC/AHA Class-I Treatment Guidelines in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: We studied 2024 consecutive patients (519 women, 26%); 1026 (51%) with ST-elevation (STE)-MI and 998 (49%) patients with non-STE (NSTE), during a nationwide ACS-survey, conducted during 2-months in 2004. Results: Women were older than men (71 vs. 59 in STEMI; 71 vs. 64 years in NSTE-ACS patients), and had worse cardiovascular risk profiles. In STEMI-patients, acute reperfusion was less frequent in women than in men (53% vs. 63%, respectively, p = 0.01; non-significant after age-adjustment). At discharge, fewer women received ACE-inhibitors/ARBs (71% vs. 75%, respectively; ORage-adj = 0.69[0.48-0.98]). Among NSTE-ACS patients, fewer women received IIb/IIIa-inhibitors (12% vs. 21%, respectively, p = 0.007; ORage-adj = 0.58[0.36-0.96]) and clopidogrel at discharge (49% vs. 59%, respectively, p = 0.005; ORage-adj 0.75[0.56-1.01]). No gender differences were noted in utilization of aspirin, beta-blockers or statins. Age-adjusted and covariate-adjusted mortality rates were comparable in women and men with STEMI (at 7-days 4.3% vs. 4.1%; ORadj = 0.95[0.47-1.87] and at 1-year 13.8% vs. 9.8%, hazard ratio [HRadj] = 1.11[0.73-1.70], respectively); in women and men with NSTE-ACS (at 7-days 1.3% vs. 2.1%, ORadj = 0.65[0.20-1.76], and at 1-year 12.0% vs. 11.3%; HRadj = 1.19[0.80-1.77], respectively). Conclusions: In 2004, adherence to ACC/AHA Class-I Treatment Guidelines in ACS-patients was satisfactory. Relative underutilization of acute reperfusion was noted among STEMI patients, without gender differences after age-adjustment. At discharge, less women received ACE-inhibitors/ARBs. Among NSTE-ACS patients, less women than men received IIb/IIIa-inhibitors, and clopidogrel at discharge. Contemporary ACS management was associated with similar adjusted outcome in women and men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 17 Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary syndromes
  • Greater
  • Guidelines
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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