Contests with ties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


We study two-player all-pay contests in which there is a positive probability of a tied outcome. We show that the players' efforts in equilibrium do not depend on the expected prize in the case of a tie given that this prize is smaller than the prize for winning. The implications of this result are twofold. First, in symmetric one-stage contests, the designer who wishes to maximize the expected total effort should not award a prize in the case of a tie which is larger than one-third of the prize for winning. Second, in multi-stage contests, the designer should not limit the number of stages (tie-breaks) but should allow the contest to continue until a winner is decided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
JournalB.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • All-pay auctions
  • Contests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Contests with ties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this