Context-sensitive medical information retrieval.

Mordechai Auerbuch, Tom H. Karson, Benjamin Ben-Ami, Oded Maimon, Lior Rokach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Substantial medical data such as pathology reports, operative reports, discharge summaries, and radiology reports are stored in textual form. Databases containing free-text medical narratives often need to be searched to find relevant information for clinical and research purposes. Terms that appear in these documents tend to appear in different contexts. The con-text of negation, a negative finding, is of special importance, since many of the most frequently described findings are those denied by the patient or subsequently "ruled out." Hence, when searching free-text narratives for patients with a certain medical condition, if negation is not taken into account, many of the retrieved documents will be irrelevant. The purpose of this work is to develop a methodology for automated learning of negative context patterns in medical narratives and test the effect of context identification on the performance of medical information retrieval. The algorithm presented significantly improves the performance of information retrieval done on medical narratives. The precision im-proves from about 60%, when using context-insensitive retrieval, to nearly 100%. The impact on recall is only minor. In addition, context-sensitive queries enable the user to search for terms in ways not otherwise available

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-286
Number of pages5
JournalMedinfo. MEDINFO
Volume11
Issue numberPt 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Information Management
  • Information Storage and Retrieval
  • Information Systems
  • Medical Informatics

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