Objective: Palpable breast abnormalities in women warrant diagnostic evaluation. Contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) is a novel technique which has demonstrated early promising results in the diagnostic imaging setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of CESM for imaging of palpable breast abnormalities and compare it to the current routine imaging work-up. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included women with palpable breast masses who underwent diagnostic CESM and ultrasound between 2012 and 2019. Diagnostic parameters for low-energy images, CESM and targeted ultrasound were calculated and compared. Analysis was performed at the lesion level. Additional incidental findings were reported separately. Results: Included in this study were 138 women with 147 palpable breast abnormalities, of which 38 were cancers. Standard 2D mammography revealed 36/38 cancers (sensitivity 94.7%). All 38 cancers (100%) were detected at CESM and at targeted ultrasound. Negative predictive value for 2D mammography was 97.8% (91/93), and 100% for both ultrasound (74/74) and for CESM (80/80). None of the palpable masses that were negative at CESM but positive at ultrasound (n = 13) were malignant. Two additional incidental cancers were detected with CESM at the contralateral breast to the palpable lump. Conclusion: CESM could be useful for assessment of palpable breast abnormalities, potentially decreasing the number of unnecessary benign biopsies performed.
- Breast Cancer
- Contrast agents