Controlled impedance test apparatus for studying human interpretation of kinesthetic feedback

Jon K. Gotow, Mark B. Friedman, Mark L. Nagurka

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Feedback control systems with humans in the control loop traditionally present visual information to human controllers, who make manual responses (i.e., via keyboard, joystick, or other interfaces). Kinesthesis, the perception of body positions and forces, represents an attractive supplementary form of human-machine communication, since the limbs (e.g., an operator's hand) can be used both for input and output of information in the control loop. Although psychophysical studies have measured perception of isolated mechanical properties, limited work has been conducted to study human kinesthetic abilities in the context of control. The research described assesses judgement of coupled properties, including the superposition of linear stiffness, damping, and inertia. Quantitative perception of these properties may depend upon correct models of the mechanical system with which a user interacts. Similarly, perception of fundamental mechanical properties may be influenced by system delays (on the order of magnitude of human reaction time). A description is given of both an apparatus for understanding kinesthetic interaction with mechanical systems and an approach for studying human perception of mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1989
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1989 American Control Conference - Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Duration: 21 Jun 198923 Jun 1989


ConferenceProceedings of the 1989 American Control Conference
CityPittsburgh, PA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)


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