Cooperative effects driving the multi-periodic dynamics of cyclically sheared amorphous solids

Asaf Szulc, Muhittin Mungan, Ido Regev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When subject to cyclic forcing, amorphous solids can reach periodic, repetitive states, where the system behaves plastically, but the particles return to their initial positions after one or more forcing cycles, where the latter response is called multi-periodic. It is known that plasticity in amorphous materials is mediated by local rearrangements called "soft spots" or "shear transformation zones." Experiments and simulations indicate that soft spots can be modeled as hysteretic two-state entities interacting via quadrupolar displacement fields generated when they switch states and that these interactions can give rise to multi-periodic behavior. However, how interactions facilitate multi-periodicity is unknown. Here, we show, using a model of random interacting two-state systems and molecular dynamics simulations, that multi-periodicity arises from oscillations in the magnitudes of the switching field of soft spots, which cause soft spots to be active during some forcing cycles and idle during others. We demonstrate that these oscillations result from cooperative effects facilitated by the frustrated interactions between the soft spots. The presence of such mechanisms has implications for manipulating memory in frustrated hysteretic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164506
Pages (from-to)164506
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume156
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Apr 2022

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