The acclimation of reduced glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis and GSH-utilizing enzymes to salt stress was studied in two tomato species that differ in stress tolerance. Salt increased GSH content and GSH:GSSG (oxidized glutathione) ratio in oxidative stress-tolerant Lycopersicon pennellii (Lpa) but not in Lycopersicon esculentum (Lem). These changes were associated with salt-induced upregulation of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase protein, an effect which was prevented by preincubation with buthionine sulfoximine. Salt treatment induced glutathione peroxidase and glutathione-S-transferase but not glutathione reductase activities in Lpa. These results suggest a mechanism of coordinate upregulation of synthesis and metabolism of GSH in Lpa, that is absent from Lem.
- Glutathione peroxidase
- Salt tolerance
- γ-Glutamylcysteine synthetase