Coping styles in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients

M. Amir, Z. Kaplan, R. Efroni, Y. Levine, J. Benjamin, M. Kotler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined Pluchik's coping styles in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. 47 PTSD patients were compared to 42 anxiety patients and 50 healthy controls, matched for age and gender with regard to their coping styles. Furthermore, the study examined the relationship between coping styles and core symptoms of intrusion and avoidance among the PTSD group. Results showed that the PTSD patients scored significantly higher than both control groups on the coping style of 'suppression' and lower on the coping style of 'replacement'. On the coping styles of 'minimization', 'help-seeking', 'mapping' and 'reversal' the PTSD patients scored significantly differently from the healthy group, but not differently from the anxiety patient group. Intrusion and avoidance were positively and significantly correlated with the coping style of 'suppression'. The central role of 'suppression' in this disorder as well as treatment implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-405
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology

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