COQ11 deletion mitigates respiratory deficiency caused by mutations in the gene encoding the coenzyme q chaperone protein coq10

Michelle C. Bradley, Krista Yang, Lucía Fernández-Del-Río, Jennifer Ngo, Anita Ayer, Hui S. Tsui, Noelle Alexa Novale, X. Roland Stocker, Orian S. Shirihai, Mario H. Barros, X. Catherine F. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coenzyme Q (Qn) is a vital lipid component of the electron transport chain that functions in cellular energy metabolism and as a membrane antioxidant. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, coq1-coq9 deletion mutants are respiratory-incompetent, sensitive to lipid peroxidation stress, and unable to synthesize Q6. The yeast coq10 deletion mutant is also respiratorydeficient and sensitive to lipid peroxidation, yet it continues to produce Q6 at an impaired rate. Thus, Coq10 is required for the function of Q6 in respiration and as an antioxidant and is believed to chaperone Q6 from its site of synthesis to the respiratory complexes. In several fungi, Coq10 is encoded as a fusion polypeptide with Coq11, a recently identified protein of unknown function required for efficient Q6 biosynthesis. Because "fused" proteins are often involved in similar biochemical pathways, here we examined the putative functional relationship between Coq10 and Coq11 in yeast. We used plate growth and Seahorse assays and LC-MS/MS analysis to show that COQ11 deletion rescues respiratory deficiency, sensitivity to lipid peroxidation, and decreased Q6 biosynthesis of the coq10_mutant. Additionally, immunoblotting indicated that yeast coq11_mutants accumulate increased amounts of certain Coq polypeptides and display a stabilized CoQ synthome. These effects suggest that Coq11 modulates Q6 biosynthesis and that its absence increases mitochondrial Q6 content in the coq10_coq11_double mutant. This augmented mitochondrial Q6 content counteracts the respiratory deficiency and lipid peroxidation sensitivity phenotypes of the coq10_mutant. This study further clarifies the intricate connection between Q6 biosynthesis, trafficking, and function in mitochondrial metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6023-6042
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

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