COR-ART: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-ranging study to evaluate single oral doses of vanoxerine for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter to normal sinus rhythm

Howard C. Dittrich, Gregory K. Feld, Tristram D. Bahnson, A. John Camm, Sergey Golitsyn, Amos Katz, Jason I. Koontz, Peter R. Kowey, Albert L. Waldo, Arthur M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Restoration of sinus rhythm (SR) in patients with atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter (AF/AFL) is limited principally to direct current cardioversion. The multi-ion channel blocker vanoxerine may prove an effective alternative. Objective The purpose of this study was to assess vanoxerine, a 1,4-dialkylpiperazine derivative, for acute conversion of recent-onset, symptomatic AF and AFL. Methods One hundred four subjects with symptomatic AF/AFL for <7 days were randomized sequentially to single oral doses of vanoxerine 200, 300, and 400 mg or placebo. Holter monitors were examined for conversion to SR and proarrhythmia through 24 hours. Results Conversion to SR was dose related: 18.2%, 44.0%, and 52.0% within 4 hours, and 59.1%, 64.0%, and 84.0% within 24 hours, for the 200-, 300-, and 400-mg groups, respectively. This was significantly higher than placebo for the 300- and 400-mg groups within 4 hours (12.5% for placebo; P =.0138 and P =.0028, respectively) and for all doses within 24 hours (31.3% for placebo; P =.0421, P =.0138, P =.0001 for 200-, 300-, and 400-mg vanoxerine groups, respectively). Although vanoxerine caused significant dose-dependent QTcF (QT correction by Fridericia) prolongation, monomorphic or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia did not occur. Adverse events were mild and self-limited, with only the highest dose having a greater frequency than placebo. Conclusion Oral vanoxerine converted AF/AFL to SR at a high rate, was well tolerated, and caused no ventricular proarrhythmia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1112
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial flutter
  • Cardioversion
  • Vanoxerine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'COR-ART: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-ranging study to evaluate single oral doses of vanoxerine for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter to normal sinus rhythm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this