Corneal Breakthrough Haze after Photorefractive Keratectomy with Mitomycin C: Incidence and Risk Factors

Igor Kaiserman, Na'ava Sadi, Michael Mimouni, Tzahi Sela, Gur Munzer, Shmuel Levartovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Purpose: To identify preoperative and intraoperative factors affecting breakthrough corneal haze incidence after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with mitomycin C (MMC). Methods: In this retrospective study of PRK performed at the Care Vision Refractive Laser Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, a total of 7535 eyes (n = 3854 patients; mean age ± SD, 26 ± 6 years; 55% men) underwent PRK with intraoperative MMC application. Patients with histories of corneal pathology or surgery were excluded. Incidence, time of onset, and corneal haze severity were documented on follow-up of 118 ± 110 days. Eyes were grouped by preoperative refraction [low (≤-3D), moderate (-3D to -6D), or high (>-6D) myopia; low (≤3D) or high (>3D) astigmatism; low or high hyperopia]; by intraoperative time (above or below 40 seconds); and by MMC application time (above or below 40 seconds). The main outcome measures were incidence, onset time, and severity of corneal haze. Results: The haze incidence was 2.1% in eyes with high myopia versus 1.1% in those with low to moderate myopia (P = 0.002), and 3.5 times higher in eyes with high than with low astigmatism (P < 0.05). The overall incidence was higher in eyes treated for hyperopia (10.8%) than for myopia (1.3%) (P = 0.0001). In eyes with moderate myopia, the haze incidence was lower in MMC application time ≥40 seconds (0%) than in <40 seconds (1.3%) (P = 0.03). After surgery, a mild early haze incidence peaked at 68.8 ± 6 days and severe late haze at 115 ± 17 days (P = 0.02). Conclusions: Hyperopic and large myopic or astigmatic corrections carry higher risk of haze. Longer MMC application might have beneficial haze prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-966
Number of pages6
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • MMC
  • PRK
  • breakthrough
  • cornea
  • haze
  • mitomycin c
  • photorefractive keratectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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