Corrected QT interval anomalies are associated with worse prognosis among patients suffering from sepsis

Y. Wasserstrum, D. Lotan, E. Itelman, I. Barbarova, M. Kogan, R. Klempfner, A. Dagan, G. Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients suffering from sepsis experience organ failure and metabolic derangements, with a negative impact on their prognosis and survival. Objective markers for dismal prognosis in this group of patients are sought. Aims: To assess the potential role of corrected QT interval anomalies as surrogates for metabolic derangements leading to increased short and medium-term mortality in patients suffering from sepsis. Methods: This study utilised a historic-cohort analysis of 257 septic patients admitted to internal medicine departments. Personal data, vital signs, laboratory results and electrocardiograms were collected. Patients were grouped according to QTc duration, weather mid-range (395–490 ms) or non-mid-range, and further defined as shorter (<395 ms) or longer (>490 ms). Results: Mortality rates differed significantly between the mid-range QTc group and the non-mid-range groups at 14 days (23.7 vs 38.2%, respectively; P = 0.014) and at 3 months (38.5 vs 59.6%, respectively; P = 0.001). In a three-group analysis, the 14-day mortality was the highest in the longer QTc group and the lowest in the mid-range group compared with the shorter QTc group (44.4, 23.7 and 35.5%, respectively; P = 0.034), and this difference also remained at 3 months (74.1, 38.5 and 53.2%, respectively; P = 0.001). All differences remained statistically significant in a multivariate Cox regression analysis. Conclusions: QTc duration anomalies are associated with worse short- and medium-term prognosis and may act as a marker for more severe clinical sequelae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1211
Number of pages8
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • QT interval
  • corrected QT
  • internal medicine
  • mortality
  • prognosis
  • sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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