Corrosion and corrosion-fatigue of AZ31 magnesium weldments

C. E. Cross, P. Xu, N. Winzer, S. Bender, D. Eliezer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Variable polarity, gas-tungsten arc welds were made on roll-cast AZ31 magnesium sheet using AZ61 fi ller metal. Weld and base metal coupons were evaluated in air and buffered saline solution to produce S-N fatigue curves. When tested in air, both welds and base metal demonstrated a fatigue limit, with the weld failing in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) at a reduced fatigue life. In saline solution at low cycle-high stress, there was a notable reduction in fatigue life attributed to crack initiation at corrosion pits. At high cycle-low stress, failure of welds shifted to the base metal where there was severe corrosive attack and reduced load bearing cross-section. Controlled immersion tests confi rmed this shift in attack from the HAZ and weld metal to the base metal at long times. Although polarization curve measurements showed the weld metal to be the most reactive (i.e. more negative corrosion potential), the gradual formation of a stable passive fi lm eventually protects the weld metal and HAZ from further attack. By alloying more Al in the anodic weld metal (e.g. increasing AZ61 fi ller dilution), its corrosion potential is shifted closer to that of the base metal and corrosive attack is minimized. Higher Al content also results in higher amounts of eutectic β, and smaller grain size and higher hardness in the weld metal, matching that of the base metal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalWelding in the World, Le Soudage Dans Le Monde
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • Corrosion
  • Fatigue strength
  • GTA welding
  • Magnesium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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