A novel titanium(IV) oxo cluster comprised solely of Ti, O, and H atoms, [Ti6(Oμ)8(OtH2)20]8+ (Ti6) was synthesized in high yield via controlled hydrolysis and condensation of TiX4 (X = Cl, Br) in the presence of TBAX (TBA = tetrabutylammonium; X = Cl, Br) from water, while reactions of TiI4 and TBAI yielded [Ti8O12(OH2)24]8+ (Ti8). The structures and compositions of the clusters were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, powder X-ray diffraction, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, and energy-dispersive spectrometry. Ti6 is comprised of six-coordinated titanium(IV) atoms bridged with μ2-O atoms, structurally similar to a typical Lindqvist polyoxometalate. On the basis of a structural comparison of Ti6 and Ti8, density functional theory calculations, and spectroscopic analysis, it is evident that both clusters are stabilized by halide counteranions via the formation of hydrogen bonds. This study not only presents the second example of a titanium(IV) isopolyoxocationic cluster isolated from water but also suggests that counteranions are generally important for synthesizing molecular fragments of titanium oxides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry