Covering Small Independent Sets and Separators with Applications to Parameterized Algorithms

Daniel Lokshtanov, Fahad Panolan, Saket Saurabh, Roohani Sharma, Meirav Zehavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present two new combinatorial tools for the design of parameterized algorithms. The first is a simple linear time randomized algorithm that given as input a d-degenerate graph G and an integer k, outputs an independent set Y, such that for every independent set X in G of size at most k, the probability that X is a subset of Y is at least (((d+1)kk) . k(d+1))-1. The second is a new (deterministic) polynomial time graph sparsification procedure that given a graph G, a set T = s1, t1 , s2, t2, .... , s , t of terminal pairs, and an integer k, returns an induced subgraph G∗ of G that maintains all the inclusion minimal multicuts of G of size at most k and does not contain any (k+2)-vertex connected set of size 2O(k). In particular, G∗ excludes a clique of size 2O(k) as a topological minor. Put together, our new tools yield new randomized fixed parameter tractable (FPT) algorithms for STABLE s-t SEPARATOR, STABLE ODD CYCLE TRANSVERSAL, and STABLE MULTICUT on general graphs, and for STABLE DIRECTED FEEDBACK VERTEX SET on d-degenerate graphs, resolving two problems left open by Marx et al. [ACM Transactions on Algorithms, 2013{. All of our algorithms can be derandomized at the cost of a small overhead in the running time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalACM Transactions on Algorithms
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Independece covering family
  • parameterized algorithms
  • stable OCT
  • stable multicut
  • stable s-t separator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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