COVID-19 Fear in Eastern Europe: Validation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale

Alexander Reznik, Valentina Gritsenko, Vsevolod Konstantinov, Natallia Khamenka, Richard Isralowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

299 Scopus citations


COVID-19 is a major source of fear, stress, and anxiety as well as a major factor impacting the health and wellbeing of people worldwide. The present study builds on the recently developed “Fear of COVID-19 Scale” (Ahorsu et al., In International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction,, 2020). The sample comprised of 850 participants, male and female young adults from Russia and Belarus. The majority of survey participants are university students and graduates. Females, students, and others from Russia report higher levels of COVID-19-related fear than those from Belarus. Respondents from Russia and Belarus report less fear than people from Iran who were surveyed earlier. The scale used for the present survey evidenced a good Cronbach’s Alpha measure of internal consistency or reliability (0.809). Clearly, further research is needed across locations and over time about the nature and extent of fear caused by COVID 19. Overall, the FCV-19S appears to be a valuable and brief instrument that may provide useful information for intervention and policy purposes to migrate fear and problem behavior linked to infectious disease outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1903-1908
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Cross-national fear
  • Fear
  • Fear assessment
  • Fear of COVOD-19 Scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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