COVID-19 Protective Behaviors: The Role of Living Arrangements and Localities

Ella Cohn-Schwartz, Liat Ayalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objectives:Guided by the human-ecological model, we aimed to identify contextual factors related to protective behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak.Method:Data are based on a nationally representative survey of adults aged 50+ in Israel during the COVID-19 outbreak (N = 1,019). Regression models predicted three behaviors: using hand sanitizers and masks, stocking up food, and avoiding social meetings. The independent variables were living arrangements (microsystems) and type of localities (macrosystems).Results:Participants who lived alone or lived in rural localities were less likely to adopt protective measures.Conclusion:Policy makers should pay particular attention to adults who live alone or live in rural areas as they might be less likely to adopt protective behaviors and face higher health risks during the pandemic.
Original languageEnglish GB
Pages (from-to)799-803
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • coronavirus
  • living alone
  • rural localities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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