CR-39 acceptance test and optimisation for fast neutron dosimetry applications

E. Fantuzzi, B. Morelli, G. Falangi, L. Patrizii, V. Togo, Y. S. Horowitz, L. Oster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ENEA fast neutron dosemeter is based on a planar PADC (poly allyl diglycol carbonate) placed in a polyethylene holder. The CR-39 (registered trademark of PPG Industries Inc.) material, produced by Intercast Europe S.p.A., has been used in the routine of the Individual Monitoring Service (IMS) since 1998. Since then, acceptance tests on average sheet background track density and sheet neutron sensitivity have been made on new batches as a quality control within a quality assurance programme of the IMS of ENEA-Institute for Radiation Protection (IRP). Dosemeters were irradiated with a 241Am-Be source at ENEA-IRP and processed through a chemical etching procedure (pre-etching with 40% KOH water solution 6.25 N and 60% ethyl alcohol at 70°C followed by 12 h of etching in 6.25 N KOH water solution). In this paper we present the analysis of acceptance testing data for more than 30 sheets of CR-39 plastic produced in 1998, 1999 and 2000. Moreover, we compare the performance of sheets of CR-39 of standard composition with that of sheets of CR-39 with the addition of DOP (dioctylphthalate), in different concentrations, oil the basis of average background density, neutron sensitivity and background fluctuation that limit the lower detectable dose. This study demonstrates the need for acceptance tests to assure the quality of the dosimetric performance of these dosemeters, which is considerably dependent on the quality of the CR-39 plastic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-578
Number of pages6
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume101
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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