Craniotomy for acute monitoring of pial vessels in the rodent brain

Refat Aboghazleh, Baraah Alkahmous, Evyatar Swissa, Saara Mansoor, Alon Friedman, Ofer Prager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A growing awareness for vascular contribution to pathogenesis of brain diseases increases the need for techniques that allow high-resolution imaging and quantification of changes in function and structure of cerebral microvessels. Cerebral vessels are very sensitive structures, making them vulnerable for injury. In addition, they are uniquely characterized with the blood-brain barrier, and an extra caution is required during procedures that involve engagement of cerebral vessels (i.e., craniotomy). Using state of the art facilities, including 3D intravital microscope, we describe here in details: • The steps and equipment required for drilling a craniotomy and removing of the dura, while keeping brain parenchyma and vessels intact. This enables long duration of live and direct monitoring of pial vessels and imaging of BBB permeability. • We present the craniotomy procedure that relevant and compatible with imaging pial vessels and monitoring the blood-brain barrier in small rodents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101694
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Cerebrovascular imaging
  • Cranial window
  • Craniotomy
  • Electrocorticography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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