Crash reduction with an advance brake warning system: A digital simulation

David Shinar, Eli Rotenberg, Tal Cohen, Ben Gurion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A digital Monte Carlo-type simulation was used to evaluate the effectiveness of an advance brake warning system (ABWS) in reducing rear-end collisions. The ABWS we evaluated activates the brake lights in response to rapid release of the gas pedal, which is characteristic of emergency braking. This reduces the lag in the onset of the brake light by the movement time from the gas pedal to the brake pedal. Using empirical distributions of driver perception reaction time and movement times, it was shown that the ABWS is most effective in preventing collisions on dry roads whenever the headway between vehicles decreases to 1.0 s or less. Vehicle speed was not a significant factor in crash prevention or severity reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-302
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Factors
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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