Criteria for satellite image restoration success

D. Arbel, N. S. Kopeika

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Many properties of the atmosphere affect the quality of images propagating through it by blurring and reducing their contrast. The atmospheric path involves several limitations such as scattering and absorption of the light and turbulence, which degrade the image. The recently developed atmospheric Wiener filter, which corrects for turbulence blur, aerosol blur, and path radiance simultaneously, is implemented here in digital restoration of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery over seven wavelength bands of the satellite instrumentation. Turbulence MTF (Modulation Transfer Function) is calculated from meteorological data or estimated if no meteorological data were measured. Aerosol MTF is consistent with optical depth. The product of the two yields atmospheric MTF, which is implemented in the atmospheric Wiener filter. Restoration improves both smallness of size of resolvable detail and contrast. Restorations are quite apparent even under clear weather conditions. Different restoration results are obtained by trying to restore the degraded image. A way to determine which is the best restoration result and how good is the restored image is presented here, by examining mathematical criteria such as MSE (Mean Square Error), ROH (Richness of Histogram), and SOH (Similarity of Histogram), to obtain an improved image and consequently better visual restoration results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-428
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2000
EventAdvance Signal Processing Algorithms, Atchitectures, and Implementations X - San diego, CA, USA
Duration: 2 Aug 20004 Aug 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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