We perform an improved cosmic microwave background (CMB) analysis to search for dark matter-proton scattering with a momentum-transfer cross section of the form σ0vn for n=-2 and n=-4. In particular, we present a new and robust prescription for incorporating the relative bulk velocity between the dark matter and baryon fluids into the standard linear Boltzmann calculation. Using an iterative procedure, we self-consistently include the effects of the bulk velocities in a cosmology in which dark matter interacts with baryons. With this prescription, we derive CMB bounds on the cross section, excluding σ0>2.3×10-33 cm2 for n=-2 and σ0>1.7×10-41 cm2 for n=-4 at 95% confidence, for dark matter masses below 10 MeV. Furthermore, we investigate how these constraints change when only a subcomponent of dark matter is interacting. We show that Planck limits vanish if 0.4% of dark matter is tightly coupled to baryons. We discuss the implications of our results for present and future cosmological observations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)