Critical differences between electron beam melted and selective laser melted Ti-6Al-4 V

K. M. Bertsch, T. Voisin, J. B. Forien, E. Tiferet, Y. I. Ganor, M. Chonin, Y. M. Wang, M. J. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Effective optimization of the production of Ti-6Al-4 V using AM requires a fundamental understanding of the relative importance of different microstructural features to the deformation and failure mechanisms, particularly features that vary between production methods. In this study, the tensile response and deformation mechanisms of electron beam melted (EBM) AM Ti-6Al-4 V material loaded in different orientations and produced using various powder sizes were compared to those of selective laser melted (SLM) AM Ti-6Al-4 V material. The density and morphology of pores, phase fractions, prior-β grains, and defect microstructures were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray computed tomography, electron backscatter diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy before and after deformation. The results were used to evaluate the relative importance of each feature on strengthening, deformation, and failure initiation mechanisms. Results focused primarily on coarse-powder EBM materials indicated that phase distribution and defect density were most influential for determining material yield strength as well as maximum possible strain to failure. Porosity was lower overall in EBM Ti-6Al-4 V than in SLM, allowing for occasional increases in part strain to failure, but remained a limiting factor determining overall part ductility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110533
JournalMaterials and Design
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Deformation
  • Electron Backscatter Diffraction
  • Electron Beam Melting
  • Selective Laser Melting
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Transmission Electron Microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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