Cross-Lingual UMLS Named Entity Linking using UMLS Dictionary Fine-Tuning.

Rina Galperin, Shachar Schnapp, Michael Elhadad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We study cross-lingual UMLS named entity linking, where mentions in a given source language are mapped to UMLS concepts, most of which are labeled in English. Our cross-lingual framework includes an offline unsupervised construction of a translated UMLS dictionary and a per-document pipeline which identifies UMLS candidate mentions and uses a fine-tuned pretrained transformer language model to filter candidates according to context. Our method exploits a small dataset of manually annotated UMLS mentions in the source language and uses this supervised data in two ways: to extend the unsupervised UMLS dictionary and to fine-tune the contextual filtering of candidate mentions in full documents.We demonstrate results of our approach on both Hebrew and English. We achieve new state-of-the-art (SOTA) results on the Hebrew Camoni corpus, +8.9 F1 on average across three communities in the dataset. We also achieve new SOTA on the English dataset MedMentions with +7.3 F1.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACL (Findings)
Pages3380-3390
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2022

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