Cryogenic Thermoelectric Cooler for Operating Temperatures below 90 K

N. A. Sidorenko, Z. M. Dashevsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Abstract: The possibility of fabricating thermoelectric coolers for operating temperatures below 90 K is considered. It is impossible to use the standard thermoelectric-cell scheme consisting of two semiconductor legs of n-type and p-type conductivity connected into an in-series electrical circuit for these temperatures. There is only one effective n-type thermoelectric material based on Bi–Sb solid solutions for the region of cryogenic temperatures. For this case, thermoelectric cells with a thermoelectric n-type leg and passive leg based on a high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) are investigated. The design of a thermoelectric cooler (module) consisting of thermoelectric n-type legs (extruded Bi0.91Sb0.09 crystals) and passive HTSC-based legs (YBa2Cu3O7 –x) is proposed. A magnetic field is used to increase the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT of the module. The maximal temperature drop between the hot and cold sides ΔT > 13.5 K and maximal cooling capacity Qc > 0.36 W are attained for the cryogenic module at a hot side temperature of Th = 80 K, current consumption of I = 6.4 A, and voltage of U = 0.10 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-755
Number of pages4
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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