Crystal field splitting of 5d states and luminescence mechanism in SrAl2O4:Eu2+ phosphor

M. Nazarov, M. G. Brik, D. Spassky, B. Tsukerblat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stoichiometric SrAl2O4:Eu2+nanosized powder was synthesized by combustion method using urea at 500 °C and calcinated at 1000 °C. The measurements of the luminescent properties of SrAl2O4:Eu2+ were carried out; additionally, theoretical study of the crystal field splitting of the Eu2+ 5d levels at two crystallographically different Sr positions in the SrAl2O4 lattice was performed. Two luminescence bands at 450 nm and near 520 nm were observed at lower temperatures. The luminescence mechanism and peculiar temperature dependence of bands intensities are discussed on the basis of the crystal field theory (within the exchange charge model) combined with the vibronic approach. The latter involves the electron vibrational interaction in two kinds of the Eu2+ centers as well as the interaction between these centers in the host lattice. A simplified single-mode model was adopted for each center and the section of the bi-dimensional adiabatic potential of the Eu2+ dimer along an effective “out-of-phase mode” is considered. This original approach qualitatively explains the temperature dependence of the emission bands intensities by the non-radiative redistribution of excitations between two neighboring Eu2+ centers occupying two crystallographically different Sr positions in the SrAl2O4 lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Adiabatic approximation
  • Crystal field splitting of Eu 5d states
  • Electron-vibrational coupling
  • SrAlO:Eu
  • luminescence mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry (all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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