Current advances in seagrass research: A review from Viet Nam

Xuan Vy Nguyen, Thi Thuy Hang Phan, Van Luong Cao, Nhu Thuy Nguyen Nhat, Trung Hieu Nguyen, Xuan Thuy Nguyen, Va Khin Lau, Cong Tin Hoang, My Ngan Nguyen-Thi, Hung Manh Nguyen, Viet Ha Dao, Mirta Teichberg, Jutta Papenbrock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seagrass meadows provide valuable ecosystem services but are fragile and threatened ecosystems all over the world. This review highlights the current advances in seagrass research from Viet Nam. One goal is to support decision makers in developing science-based conservation strategies. In recent years, several techniques were applied to estimate the size of seagrass meadows. Independent from the method used, there is an alarming decline in the seagrass area in almost all parts of Viet Nam. Since 1990, a decline of 46.5% or 13,549 ha was found. Only in a few protected and difficult-to-reach areas was an increase observed. Conditions at those sites could be investigated in more detail to make suggestions for conservation and recovery of seagrass meadows. Due to their lifestyle and morphology, seagrasses take up compounds from their environment easily. Phytoremediation processes of Thalassia hemprichii and Enhalus acoroides are described exemplarily. High accumulation of heavy metals dependent on their concentration in the environment in different organs can be observed. On the one hand, seagrasses play a role in phytoremediation processes in polluted areas; on the other hand, they might suffer at high concentrations, and pollution will contribute to their overall decline. Compared with the neighboring countries, the total Corg stock from seagrass beds in Viet Nam was much lower than in the Philippines and Indonesia but higher than that of Malaysia and Myanmar. Due to an exceptionally long latitudinal coastline of 3,260 km covering cool to warm water environments, the seagrass species composition in Viet Nam shows a high diversity and a high plasticity within species boundaries. This leads to challenges in taxonomic issues, especially with the Halophila genus, which can be better deduced from genetic diversity/population structures of members of Hydrocharitaceae. Finally, the current seagrass conservation and management efforts in Viet Nam are presented and discussed. Only decisions based on the interdisciplinary cooperation of scientists from all disciplines mentioned will finally lead to conserve this valuable ecosystem for mankind and biodiversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number991865
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • degradation
  • distribution
  • diversity
  • ecosystem services
  • seagrass
  • taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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