Current views on the diagnosis and management of hypokalaemia in children

Jakub Zieg, Lucie Gonsorcikova, Daniel Landau

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    16 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Hypokalaemia is a common electrolyte disorder in children, caused by decreased potassium intake, increased gastrointestinal and urinary losses or transcellular shift. Patients with severe hypokalaemia may suffer from symptoms such as life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. The aim of our study was to review the aetiology of hypokalaemia, suggest a diagnostic algorithm and discuss the management of patients with various aetiologies of hypokalaemia. Conclusion Understanding the pathophysiology of hypokalaemic states, along with a detailed medical history, physical examination and specific laboratory tests are required for proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)762-772
    Number of pages11
    JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
    Volume105
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016

    Keywords

    • Bartter syndrome
    • Children
    • Gitelman syndrome
    • Hypokalaemia
    • Steroidogenesis disorders

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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