Cyanide contaminated water treatment by di-nuclear Cu(II)-cryptate: A supramolecular approach

Tamal Kanti Ghosh, Rajib Ghosh, Sourav Chakraborty, Priyanka Saha, Supriya Sarkar, Pradyut Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A popular Cu(II) based metallo-cage cryptate, Complex 1 [LCu2(ClO4)4], is synthesized by using a bicyclic cryptand, L (synthesized in large scale of ≈ 28 gm/batch) and Cu(ClO4)2 for its application towards the removal of toxic CN¯ from cyanide contaminated water and cyanide containing industrial blast furnace (BF) wastewater. Complex 1, having very low solubility in aqueous medium, showed efficient removal of CN¯ (initial CN¯ conc. of 80 ppm to final conc. of 4.21 ppm; ≈ 95 % removal of CN¯) from standard aqueous solution of CN¯ (NaCN in water) within 10 min, through heterogeneous phase mixing as observed from Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) based measurements. Mechanistic investigation towards the binding of cyanide with complex 1 through spectroscopic studies indicated the initial formation of CN¯ bridged green dimeric copper (II) complex upon addition of one equivalent of CN¯ which subsequently decomposed upon addition of further equivalents of CN¯ to produce a colourless solution. Finally, as a real-time application, complex 1 was treated with cyanide contaminated industrial wastewater in the presence of other interfering anions (e.g. Cl¯, SO42−, NO3¯, NO2¯, SCN¯, F¯ etc.) which showed fast and efficient removal of cyanide (initial CN¯ conc. of 6.7 ppm to final conc. of 1.3 ppm; ≈ 77 % removal of CN¯ in 30 min) of BF wastewater from lab scale to pilot plant scale. Interestingly, the complex 1 showed recyclability up to six cycles in terms of removal of cyanide with high efficiency (≈ 72–74 % removal of CN¯).

Original languageEnglish
Article number101364
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cyanide removal
  • Heterogeneous phase mixing
  • Industrial wastewater treatment
  • Metallo-cage cryptate
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Recyclability
  • Supramolecular chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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