Cytology and mating systems in the climbing Cacti Hylocereus and Selenicereus

Judith Lichtenzveig, Shahal Abbo, Avinoam Nerd, Noemi Tel-Zur, Yosef Mizrahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromosome numbers and meiotic behavior are reported for the climbing cacti species Hylocereus undatus, Hylocereus polyrhizus, and Selenicereus megalanthus. The Hylocereus spp. are diploid (2n = 22), while S. megalanthus is a tetraploid (2n = 44). Irregular chromosome disjunction at anaphase I in pollen mother cells of S. megalanthus is probably the major cause of its reduced pollen viability and may contribute to low seed set, low number of viable seeds and, consequently, low fruit mass. A pollination study confirmed self-incompatibility in H. polyrhizus and a weakened incompatibility reaction in H. undatus and S. megalanthus. Major cross-ability barriers do not exist between the Hylocereus spp. investigated. Reciprocal intergeneric crosses were successful between Hylocereus spp. and S. megalanthus, suggesting that an Hylocereus sp. might be one of the diploid progenitors of the tetraploid S. megalanthus. The implications of the results on cacti nomenclature and systematics are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1058-1065
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Botany
Volume87
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Cacti
  • Hylocereus
  • Polyploidy
  • Selenicereus
  • Self-incompatibility
  • Semi-sterility
  • Systematics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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