Data Augmentation for Deep Receivers

Tomer Raviv, Nir Shlezinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Deep neural networks (DNNs) allow digital receivers to learn to operate in complex environments. To do so, DNNs should preferably be trained using large labeled data sets with a similar statistical relationship as the one under which they are to infer. For DNN-aided receivers, obtaining labeled data conventionally involves pilot signalling at the cost of reduced spectral efficiency, typically resulting in access to limited data sets. In this paper, we study how one can enrich a small set of labeled pilots data into a larger data set for training deep receivers. Motivated by the widespread use of data augmentation techniques for enriching visual and text data, we propose dedicated augmentation schemes that exploits the characteristics of digital communication data. We identify the key considerations in data augmentations for deep receivers as the need for domain orientation, class (constellation) diversity, and low complexity. Following these guidelines, we devise three complementing augmentations that exploit the geometric properties of digital constellations. Our combined augmentation approach builds on the merits of these different augmentations to synthesize reliable data from a momentary channel distribution, to be used for training deep receivers. Furthermore, we exploit previous channel realizations to increase the reliability of the augmented samples. The superiority of our approach is numerically evaluated for training several deep receiver architectures in different channel conditions. We consider both linear and non-linear synthetic channels, as well as the COST 2100 channel generator, for both single-input single-output and multiple-input multiple-output scenarios. We show that our combined augmentations approach allows DNN-aided receivers to achieve gains of up to 1 dB in bit error rate and of up to ×3 in spectral efficiency, compared to regular non-augmented training. Moreover, we demonstrate that our augmentations benefit training even as the number of pilots increases, and perform an ablation study on the different augmentations, which shows that the combined approach surpasses each individual augmentation technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
StatePublished - 30 Mar 2023


  • Data Augmentations
  • Data models
  • Deep Receivers
  • Deep learning
  • Digital communication
  • Model-Based Deep Learning
  • Receivers
  • Task analysis
  • Training
  • Wireless Communications
  • Wireless communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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