We study the effect of decoherence on dynamical phase diffusion in the two-site Bose-Hubbard model. Starting with an odd parity excited coherent state, the initial loss of single-particle coherence varies from small bound oscillations in the Rabi regime, through hyperbolic depletion in the Josephson regime, to a Gaussian decay in the Fock regime. The inclusion of local-site noise, measuring the relative number difference between the modes, is shown to enhance phase diffusion. In comparison, site-indiscriminate noise measuring the population imbalance between the two quasimomentum modes slows down the loss of single-particle coherence. Decoherence thus either enhances or suppresses phase diffusion, depending on the details of system-bath coupling and the overlap of decoherence pointer states with collisional-entanglement pointer states. The deceleration of phase diffusion due to the coupling with the environment may be viewed as a many-body quantum Zeno effect. The extended effective decay times in the presence of projective measurement are further enhanced with increasing number of particles N by a bosonic factor of N in the Fock regime and N/logN in the Josephson regime.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 17 Aug 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics